New energy vehicle quality problems frequently occur, the industry encounters new challenges

Hits:Updated:2018-09-20 10:09:19【Print】

China's new energy vehicle production and sales have ranked first in the world for three consecutive years. While the global vision is focused on China's new energy vehicle market and various forces are swarming in, the development status of China's new energy vehicle market has entered a new pain and reflection. stage.
 
Just as the industry's originally expected new energy vehicle market will suffer from subsidies, the reality is far from unexpected. The new energy vehicle market after the decline has not experienced a major recession, but still maintains growth. .
 
The new good situation has not lasted for a long time. Recently, the biggest obstacle to the development of new energy vehicles has changed from subsidies to the continuous quality problems of new energy vehicles, such as the recent frequent electric vehicles such as Weimar, Jianghuai and Lifan. The problem of spontaneous combustion.
 
At the same time, the contrast with the new energy auto industry from the ascendant to the thriving stage is that more than 30 companies represented by Changan Automobile have been named by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology for the suspension of new energy products for more than one year.
 
In addition, the embarrassing situation encountered by consumers in the process of using electric vehicles reported by the 3.45 column of the central network of the company has poured cold water on the development of the new energy vehicle market.
 
Song Qiuling, deputy director of the Economic Development Department of the Ministry of Finance, said at the 2018 China Automotive Industry Development International Forum held in early September, "We believe that the development of China's new energy automobile industry is still at a critical stage of going backwards and not going backwards."
 
Some industry analysts told the Times Weekly reporter that the status quo of the development of the new energy auto industry is far from the year-on-year data looks beautiful, and there are still problems in all aspects that need to be resolved.
 
Industry encounters new problems
 
While the Chinese auto market has won the No. 1 position in the world for nine consecutive years, it has also been ranked first in terms of sales of new energy vehicles for three consecutive years.
 
Overall, China's new energy auto industry is developing very fast: from the perspective of industry scale, the production and sales in the initial stage of 2009 is less than 500, and it is expected to reach 1.5 million this year. From the technical level, new energy passenger vehicles The driving range of mainstream models has been increased to more than 300 kilometers; from the perspective of core competitiveness, four independent companies have ranked among the top ten global new energy vehicle sales in 2017.
 
These growth data and rankings are hard to see in the traditional fuel vehicle sector. However, while booming, the problems of the new energy vehicle industry are also exposed one by one. In particular, the problem of spontaneous combustion, which has been widely concerned in the industry in the near future, has become an important obstacle to the development of new energy sources or electric vehicles.
 
Ouyang Minggao, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and a professor of automotive engineering at Tsinghua University, called for the resolution of many problems in the promotion and use of new energy vehicles in China as soon as possible. "The biggest risk of pure electric vehicles is the safety of the battery, so it is necessary to ensure the safety of the battery." Ouyang Minggao believes that there is no annual inspection system for electric vehicles in China, and the battery seal of pure electric vehicles fails or the warranty period expires after lack of management. There are many security risks.
 
According to incomplete statistics, at least 10 fire accidents have been reported by the media in the first half of this year. For example, in recent days, Lifan 650EV is in Guangzhou, and Weimar EX5 has spontaneously ignited in Chengdu.
 
For the reason of Lifan 650EV spontaneous combustion, Zhang Fanyan, director of Lifan Group's Planning Department, told Time Weekly that the reason for the initial determination of vehicle battery fire was: Guangzhou was in heavy rain, and the vehicle was soaked in rain for more than 2 hours, causing micro-leakage of the battery. After soaking, the customer did not take the initiative to contact the service station for testing. After that, when the customer used the car, the battery was short-circuited, causing the battery to catch fire.
 
The Weimar side issued a notice saying that the current situation of the fire was caused by the illegal operation of the scrapped vehicles by its Chengdu Research Institute staff, resulting in short-circuit and self-ignition of the battery pack.
 
According to the summary of the fire department, the self-ignition of electric vehicles is mainly reflected in the four situations of “burning during charging, burning caused by battery driving or placing, burning caused by collision and overturning, and burning caused by wading”.
 
An analyst who did not want to be named pointed out that although the burning probability of different degrees and situations does not infer the danger of pure electric vehicles compared to hundreds of thousands of sales, the uneven processes are not uniform. The power battery standards and products, how much consumers will face resistance to new energy vehicles in the face of such incidents, not to mention more spontaneous combustion incidents have not been reported by the media.
 
The reason why several spontaneous combustion incidents caused public opinion to worry about new energy vehicles was mainly because of the large number of enterprises in the new energy market.
 
According to incomplete statistics, there are currently 487 electric vehicle manufacturers in China, of which few are qualified.
 
Since the start of the approval of new energy vehicle production qualifications in March 2016, there have been 15 enterprises that have obtained the qualifications for new energy vehicles issued by the National Development and Reform Commission or approved by the National Development and Reform Commission, namely: Beiqi New Energy, Changjiang Automobile, Future Vehicle, Chery New Energy, Jiangsu Min'an, Wanxiang Group, Jiangling New Energy, Chongqing Jinkang, Guoneng New Energy, Yundu New Energy, Zhidou, Speeda, Hezhong, Luzhouzhou and Jianghuai Volkswagen.
 
Even with a few previously qualified companies, most new energy auto companies are in the state of production and qualification. As a result, the products, services and experiences related to the new energy automobile industry are not ideal.
 
For battery safety, or for the annual inspection and insurance of pure electric vehicles, there is no specific standard for more detailed management.
 
Ouyang Minggao said, “Unlike fuel vehicles, due to the different cost distribution of components, new energy vehicles should introduce a set of specific standards to determine the use of battery systems, and use the corresponding provisions to restrict production companies. To ensure the quality of products. For consumers, it is necessary to set different types of insurance and insurance coverage for the characteristics of new energy vehicles to protect consumer rights.
 
Some car companies choose to stop production
 
Although there are as many as 487 new energy auto companies, it is not the majority that is actually in production.
 
According to industry insiders, only 10% of current Chinese electric car startups can survive in the next five years, and some car analysts even think that this figure is only 1%.
 
Taken together, it is estimated that there will be only 12–15 new energy vehicle companies surviving in the future.
 
So far, compared with the traditional auto companies' heavy asset operating costs, most of the new energy new power is still in the financing stage, so the traditional auto companies are not active in the new energy vehicle field.
 
On September 3, the official website of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology released the list of enterprises specializing in the publicity of new energy vehicle manufacturers (the first batch). Among them, 30 new energy automobile manufacturers have not produced new energy products for one year or more, and have entered the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. List.
 
In this list, there are many well-known enterprises such as Guangqi Honda, Changan Peugeot Citroen, Changan Suzuki, Brilliance Auto, Kaiyi Auto and Hafei Automobile.
 
For the name of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the reasons for each explanation are different. The main reasons are two points: the company has shifted its business focus and stopped production; early research and development products can not keep up with industry standards and postpone listing.
 
It is reported that in addition to the revocation of qualifications, models that have entered the duty-free catalogue will also be eliminated. According to the announcement jointly issued by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Finance and the State Administration of Taxation, there will be no production or import models within 12 months after the inclusion of the Catalogue of New Energy Vehicles Exempted from Vehicle Purchase Tax on or after January 1, 2017. , will be revoked from the Catalogue and no longer enjoy the exemption from vehicle purchase tax.
 
In the opinion of some industry insiders, the introduction of the list indicates that a new round of reshuffle in the new energy automobile industry is about to begin.

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